How to use LaTeX Double Down Arrow Symbol

To write the double down arrow symbol (⇓) in LaTeX, use the LaTeX command \Downarrow. It will add ⇓ arrow in the text.

In this article, we will discuss how to use downward double arrow (⇓) in the LaTeX document and their significance in the mathematical expressions and logical statements.

Symbol Overview

Symbol: Double Down Arrow

Unicode: U+21D3

Type: Mathematical

Package Requirement: None (built-in symbol)

Argument: None (no additional arguments needed)

LaTeX Command: \Downarrow



The double down arrow represented as a double-headed down pointing arrow (⇓) is available in LaTeX. It is used to indicate a downward directional relationship. In mathematics context, it is used to represents the logical implication or “if-then” statements with downwad consequences. In logical context, it is used in operations such as “if and only if” with downward consequences.


The LaTeX command \Downarrow is used to display the double down arrow symbol.


Let’s understand using double down arrow symbol in various domains like mathematics, logical context with the help of examples.

Using the Double Down Arrow Symbol in a Mathematical Expression

\[ x \Downarrow y \]

Output: 👇️

x ⇓ y

Here in the above example, x \Downarrow y represents a logical implication, indicating that if ‘x’ is true then ‘y’ is also true, with downward consequences.

Using the Double-headed Down Arrow Symbol in Logical Statement

\[ P \land Q \Downarrow (P \lor \neg Q) \]

Output: 👇️

P ∧ Q ⇓ (P ∨ ¬Q)

In the above example, the \Downarrow represents the “if and only if” operation in the logical statement. Logical statement is true when the both ‘P’ and ‘Q’ have the same truth value, with downward consequences.


The doouble down arrow symbol has versatile applications in LaTeX documents such as:

  • Represents logical implications or “if-then” statements with downward consequences in mathematical expression or equations.
  • Indicates logical equivalence or “if and only if” with downward consequences in logical statement.


Using the double sided down arrow symbol in LaTeX documents, you can use it in document where downward directional relationships, logical implications, and logical equivalence are required. It helps to create visually appealing and formatted documents with enhanced mathematical and logical representations.